Information was derived from numerous extension and other research reports throughout the United States and adapted for this area by surveying Pocono Master Gardeners.
Deer-resistant is a relative term and will vary with the number of deer in an area, other food available, and time of year.
Additional controls are recommended for areas with high deer populations.

X indicates deer resistant

 

BUTTERFLY AND HUMMINGBIRD GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botantical Name Annual
Perennial
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
X Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Garden Phlox Phlox paniculata P
Goldenrod Solidago sp. P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
X Marigold Tagetes sp. A
Mint Mentha sp. P
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus A
X Oregano Origanum sp. P
Ornamental Onion Allium schoenoparasum P
Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
X Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Yarrow Achillea sp. P
CUT FLOWER GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Ageratum Ageratum houstonianum A
X Baby’s Breath Gypsophila paniculata P
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
Blue Salvia Salvia farinacea A
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
California Poppy Eschscholzia californica A
X Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum sp. A
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
Cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus A
Daffodil Narcissus sp. P
Dahlia Dahlia sp. A
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Heather Calluna sp. P
Icelandic Poppy Papaver nudicaule P
Iris Iris sp. P
Larkspur Consolida ambigua P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
X Marigold Tagetes sp. A
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus A
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale P
X Peony Paeonia sp. P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
Statice Limonium latifolium P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Tiger Lily Lilium tigrinum P
Veronica Veronica sp. P
X Yarrow Achillea sp. P
DRY BORDERS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
Blue Flax Linum perenne P
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
X Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
X Daylily cultivar Hemerocallis ‘Stella d’Oro’ P
X Everning Primrose Oenothera sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Globe Thistle Echinops sp. P
Hen and Chickens Sempervivum sp. (spiny ones) P
Lamb’s Ears Stachys byzantina P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
Lavendar Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Red Valerian Centranthus ruber P
Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria P
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
Spruge Euphorbia sp. P
Statice Limonium latifolium P
St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Toadflax Linaria vulgaris P
Verbena Verbena x hybrida P
Wormwood Artemisia sp. P
X Yucca Yucca sp. P
HERB GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Basil Ocimum basilicum A
Catmint Nepeta catarina P
Chives Allium schoenoprasum P
Dill Anethum graveolens P
Feverfew chrysanthemum parthenium P
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum P
Ginger Asarum sp. P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
Oregano Origanum sp. A
Parsley Petroselnium crispum A
Rosemary Posmarinus officinalis A
Savory Satureja sp. A
Spearment Mentha spicata P
Thyme Thymus sp. P
Wormwood Artemisia sp. P
LIGHT SHADE GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Amsonia Amsonia tabernaemontana P
X Balloon Flower Platycodon grandifloris P
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
Bugleweed Ajuga sp. P
X Carpet Bugle Ajuga reptans P
Daffodil Narcissus sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum P
Heliptrope Heliotropium arborescens A
X Iris Iris sp. P
Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla vulgaris P
Lilyturf Liriope sp. A
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Polks-dot Plant Hypoestes phyllostachya A
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp. P
St Johnswort Hypericum perforatum P
Tansy Tanacetum vulgare P
Verbena Verbena x hybrida P
PATIO AND DECK PLANTS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Aloe Aloe sp. A
Amaryllis Amaryllis sp. A
Cast-iron Plant Aspidistra lurida A
Century Plant Agave americana A
Cyclamen Cyclamen sp. A
Jerusalem Cherry Solanum pseudocapsicum A
Lantana Lantana camara A
X Lily of the Nile Agapanthus sp. P
ROCKY AREA GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Basket-of-Gold Aurinia saxatillis P
Bugleweed Ajuga sp. P
X Carpet Bugle Ajuga reptans P
Cinquefoil Potentilla sp. P
Evening Primrose Oenothera sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Lavendar Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus P
X Plumbago Ceratostigma plumbaginoides P
Rock Cress Aubrieta deltoidea P
Spruge Euphorbia sp. P
Sundrops Oenothera tetragona P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
SHADY ENTRY GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Allegheny Spruge Pachysandra procumbens P
X Astilbe Astilbe sp. P
Barrenwort Epimedium sp. P
X Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis P
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides P
Dead Nettle Lamium maculstum P
Edging Lobelia Lobelia erinus A
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica P
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
X Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia P
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia puntilobula P
Hellebore Helleborus sp. P
X Jacob’s Ladder Polemonium caeruleum P
Japanese Spruge Pachysandra sp. P
Lily-of-the-Valley Convallaria majalis P
Monkshood Aconitum sp. P
Pennyroyal Menta pulegium P
Rue Anemone Anemonella thalictroides P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum P
Tuberous Begonia Begonia tuberhybrida A
X Turtlehead Chelone sp. P
Vinca Vinca minor P
X Wax Begonia Begonia x semperflorens cultorum A
SUNNY FALL GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis X acutiflora
‘Karl Foerster’
P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Heather Calluna sp. P
Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis P
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
TALL PERENNIALS, ANNUALS AND BULBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Bear’s Breeches Acanthus mollis
X Butterfly-bush Buddleia davidii P
X Cleome Cleome hasslerana  A
Crown Imperial Fritillaria imperialis
Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis X acutiflora
‘Karl Foerster’
P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
X Goatsbeard Aruncus dioicus
Goldenrod Solidago sp.
Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum
Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis P
Maximillian Sunflower Helianthus Maximilliani
Morning Glory Ipomoea purpurea A
Pampas Grass Cortaderia selloana
X Queen-of-the-Prairie Filipendula sp.
Red Valerian Centranthus ruber
X Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
TALL SHADY SCREENS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Angelica Angelica archangelica
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Butterfly-bush Buddleia davidii P
X False Indigo Baptisia sp.
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Monkshood Aconitum sp. P
WET AREA GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Astilbe Astilbe sp.  P
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Bergenia Bergenia sp.  P
X Dwarf Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica
Glory Lily Gloriosa supera
X Goatsbeard Aruncus dioicus
X Iris Iris sp.  P
Lilyturf Liriope sp.  P
X Lobelia Lobelia sp.  A
Lungwort Pulmonaria sp.  P
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Pennyroyal Menta pulegium P
X Primrose (most) Primula sp.  P
Ribbon Grass Phalaris arundinacea ‘Picta’  P
Sedge Carex alata  P
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp.  P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum P
X Turtlehead Chelone sp.  P
WOODLAND GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Bergenia Bergenia sp.  P
X Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis P
Bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa  P
X Cinnamonea Fern Osmunda cinnamomea  P
Dame’s Rocket Hesperis matronalis  P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica  P
X Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia P
Ginger Asarum sp.  P
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula  P
Hellebore Helleborus sp. P
Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum  P
X Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana  P
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum  P
X Jacob’s Ladder Polemonium caeruleum P
Lobelia (not L. cardinalis) Lobelia sp.  A
Lungwort Pulmonaria sp. P
Ostrich Fern struthiopteris  P
X Royal Fern Osmunda regalis  P
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp.  P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum  P
Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis  P
CHOICE EVERGREEN SHRUBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Andromeda Pieris japonica P
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uvaursi P
Boxwood Buxus sempervirens P
Daphne Daphne sp. P
X Inkberry Ilex glabra P
Littleleaf Boxwood Buxus microphylla P
Mountain Laurel Kalmia (select spe-cies over
hybrids, hybrids ten to be
less deer-resistant
P
Oregon Grape Holly Mahonia aquifolium P
Sweet Christmas Box Sarcococca hookerana P
CHOICE EVERGREEN TREES
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
American Holly Ilex opaca P
X Austrian Pine Pinus nigra P
Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens glauca P
Japanese False Cypress Chamaecyparis pisifera P
Juniper Juniperus chinensis P
Norway Spruce Picea abies P
Pines Pinus sp. P
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida P
Red Pine Pinus resinosa P
X Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris P
Spruce Picea sp. P
Swiss Stone Pine Pinus cemba P
White Spruce Picea glauca P
CHOICE DECIDUOUS SHRUBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Beautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis P
Bluebeard Caryopteris x clandonenisi P
Drooping Leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana P
European Privet Ligustrum vulgare P
X Forsythia Forsythia sp. P
X Lilac Syringa vulgaris P
Pawpaw Asimina Triloba P
X Potentilla Potentilla fruticosa P
Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrine P
X Wisteria Wisteria floribunda P
CHOICE DECIDUOUS TREES
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
American Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana P
Beech Fagus sp. P
Birch Betula sp. P
Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora P
Catalpa Catalpa sp. P
Chinese Paper Birch Betula albo-sinensis P
European White Birch Betula pendula P
Gray Birch Betula populifera P
Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica P
Hawthorn Crataegus laevigata P
X Japanese Maple Acer palmatum P
X Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa P
X Larch Larix decidua P
Locust Robinia pseudoacacia P
Mockernut Hickory Carya tomentosa P
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera P
Pignut Hickory Carya glabra P
Pin Oak Que rcus palustris P
Poplar Populus sp. (choose carefully,
as many ae invasive or
of poor quality
P
X Saucer Magnolia Magnolia soulangeana P
Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis P