Information was derived from numerous extension and other research reports throughout the United States and adapted for this area by surveying Pocono Master Gardeners.
Deer-resistant is a relative term and will vary with the number of deer in an area, other food available, and time of year.
Additional controls are recommended for areas with high deer populations.

 

BUTTERFLY AND HUMMINGBIRD GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botantical Name Annual
Perennial
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
X Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Garden Phlox Phlox paniculata P
Goldenrod Solidago sp. P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
X Marigold Tagetes sp. A
Mint Mentha sp. P
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus A
X Oregano Origanum sp. P
Ornamental Onion Allium schoenoparasum P
Pennyroyal Mentha pulegium P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
X Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Yarrow Achillea sp. P
CUT FLOWER GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Ageratum Ageratum houstonianum A
X Baby’s Breath Gypsophila paniculata P
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
Blue Salvia Salvia farinacea A
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
California Poppy Eschscholzia californica A
X Chrysanthemum Chrysanthemum sp. A
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
Cosmos Cosmos bipinnatus A
Daffodil Narcissus sp. P
Dahlia Dahlia sp. A
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Heather Calluna sp. P
Icelandic Poppy Papaver nudicaule P
Iris Iris sp. P
Larkspur Consolida ambigua P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
X Marigold Tagetes sp. A
Nasturtium Tropaeolum majus A
Oriental Poppy Papaver orientale P
X Peony Paeonia sp. P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
Statice Limonium latifolium P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Tiger Lily Lilium tigrinum P
Veronica Veronica sp. P
X Yarrow Achillea sp. P
DRY BORDERS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Blanket Flower Gaillardia pulchella P
Blue Flax Linum perenne P
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
X Butterfly Bush Buddleja davidii P
X Butterfly Weed Asclepias tuberosa P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
X Daylily cultivar Hemerocallis ‘Stella d’Oro’ P
X Everning Primrose Oenothera sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Globe Thistle Echinops sp. P
Hen and Chickens Sempervivum sp. (spiny ones) P
Lamb’s Ears Stachys byzantina P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
Lavendar Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Red Valerian Centranthus ruber P
Rose Campion Lychnis coronaria P
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
Spruge Euphorbia sp. P
Statice Limonium latifolium P
St. Johnswort Hypericum perforatum P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
X Toadflax Linaria vulgaris P
Verbena Verbena x hybrida P
Wormwood Artemisia sp. P
X Yucca Yucca sp. P
HERB GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Basil Ocimum basilicum A
Catmint Nepeta catarina P
Chives Allium schoenoprasum P
Dill Anethum graveolens P
Feverfew chrysanthemum parthenium P
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum P
Ginger Asarum sp. P
Lavendar Lavandula sp. P
Oregano Origanum sp. A
Parsley Petroselnium crispum A
Rosemary Posmarinus officinalis A
Savory Satureja sp. A
Spearment Mentha spicata P
Thyme Thymus sp. P
Wormwood Artemisia sp. P
LIGHT SHADE GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Amsonia Amsonia tabernaemontana P
X Balloon Flower Platycodon grandifloris P
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
Bugleweed Ajuga sp. P
X Carpet Bugle Ajuga reptans P
Daffodil Narcissus sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Garlic Chives Allium tuberosum P
Heliptrope Heliotropium arborescens A
X Iris Iris sp. P
Lady’s Mantle Alchemilla vulgaris P
Lilyturf Liriope sp. A
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Polks-dot Plant Hypoestes phyllostachya A
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp. P
St Johnswort Hypericum perforatum P
Tansy Tanacetum vulgare P
Verbena Verbena x hybrida P
PATIO AND DECK PLANTS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Aloe Aloe sp. A
Amaryllis Amaryllis sp. A
Cast-iron Plant Aspidistra lurida A
Century Plant Agave americana A
Cyclamen Cyclamen sp. A
Jerusalem Cherry Solanum pseudocapsicum A
Lantana Lantana camara A
X Lily of the Nile Agapanthus sp. P
ROCKY AREA GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Basket-of-Gold Aurinia saxatillis P
Bugleweed Ajuga sp. P
X Carpet Bugle Ajuga reptans P
Cinquefoil Potentilla sp. P
Evening Primrose Oenothera sp. P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Lavendar Cotton Santolina chamaecyparissus P
X Plumbago Ceratostigma plumbaginoides P
Rock Cress Aubrieta deltoidea P
Spruge Euphorbia sp. P
Sundrops Oenothera tetragona P
X Threadleaf Coreopsis Coreopsis verticillata P
SHADY ENTRY GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Allegheny Spruge Pachysandra procumbens P
X Astilbe Astilbe sp. P
Barrenwort Epimedium sp. P
X Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis P
Christmas Fern Polystichum acrostichoides P
Dead Nettle Lamium maculstum P
Edging Lobelia Lobelia erinus A
Foamflower Tiarella cordifolia P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica P
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
X Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia P
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia puntilobula P
Hellebore Helleborus sp. P
X Jacob’s Ladder Polemonium caeruleum P
Japanese Spruge Pachysandra sp. P
Lily-of-the-Valley Convallaria majalis P
Monkshood Aconitum sp. P
Pennyroyal Menta pulegium P
Rue Anemone Anemonella thalictroides P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum P
Tuberous Begonia Begonia tuberhybrida A
X Turtlehead Chelone sp. P
Vinca Vinca minor P
X Wax Begonia Begonia x semperflorens cultorum A
SUNNY FALL GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Boltonia Boltonia asteroides P
X Coneflower Rudbeckia sp. P
Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis X acutiflora
‘Karl Foerster’
P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
Heather Calluna sp. P
Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis P
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Purple Coneflower Echinacea angustifolia P
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
X Spike Gayfeather Liatris spicata P
TALL PERENNIALS, ANNUALS AND BULBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Bear’s Breeches Acanthus mollis
X Butterfly-bush Buddleia davidii P
X Cleome Cleome hasslerana  A
Crown Imperial Fritillaria imperialis
Feather Reed Grass Calamagrostis X acutiflora
‘Karl Foerster’
P
Fountain Grass Pennisetum alopecuroides P
X Goatsbeard Aruncus dioicus
Goldenrod Solidago sp.
Joe-Pye Weed Eupatorium purpureum
Maiden Grass Miscanthus sinensis P
Maximillian Sunflower Helianthus Maximilliani
Morning Glory Ipomoea purpurea A
Pampas Grass Cortaderia selloana
X Queen-of-the-Prairie Filipendula sp.
Red Valerian Centranthus ruber
X Rhubarb Rheum rhabarbarum
Russia Sage Perovskia atriplicifolia P
Snapdragon Antirrhinum majus A
TALL SHADY SCREENS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Angelica Angelica archangelica
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Butterfly-bush Buddleia davidii P
X False Indigo Baptisia sp.
Foxglove Digitalis sp. P
Monkshood Aconitum sp. P
WET AREA GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Astilbe Astilbe sp.  P
X Bee Balm Monarda didyma P
X Bergenia Bergenia sp.  P
X Dwarf Mondo Grass Ophiopogon japonicus
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica
Glory Lily Gloriosa supera
X Goatsbeard Aruncus dioicus
X Iris Iris sp.  P
Lilyturf Liriope sp.  P
X Lobelia Lobelia sp.  A
Lungwort Pulmonaria sp.  P
Obedient Plant Physostegia virginiana P
Pennyroyal Menta pulegium P
X Primrose (most) Primula sp.  P
Ribbon Grass Phalaris arundinacea ‘Picta’  P
Sedge Carex alata  P
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp.  P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum P
X Turtlehead Chelone sp.  P
WOODLAND GARDEN
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Bergenia Bergenia sp.  P
X Bleeding Heart Dicentra spectabilis P
Bugbane Cimicifuga racemosa  P
X Cinnamonea Fern Osmunda cinnamomea  P
Dame’s Rocket Hesperis matronalis  P
X Forget-me-not Myosotis sylvatica  P
X Fringed Bleeding Heart Dicentra eximia P
Ginger Asarum sp.  P
Hay-scented Fern Dennstaedtia punctilobula  P
Hellebore Helleborus sp. P
Holly Fern Cyrtomium falcatum  P
X Interrupted Fern Osmunda claytoniana  P
Jack-in-the-Pulpit Arisaema triphyllum  P
X Jacob’s Ladder Polemonium caeruleum P
Lobelia (not L. cardinalis) Lobelia sp.  A
Lungwort Pulmonaria sp. P
Ostrich Fern struthiopteris  P
X Royal Fern Osmunda regalis  P
Spiderwort Tradescantia sp.  P
Sweet Woodruff Galium odoratum  P
Wood Fern Dryopteris marginalis  P
CHOICE EVERGREEN SHRUBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
Andromeda Pieris japonica P
Bearberry Arctostaphylos uvaursi P
Boxwood Buxus sempervirens P
Daphne Daphne sp. P
X Inkberry Ilex glabra P
Littleleaf Boxwood Buxus microphylla P
Mountain Laurel Kalmia (select spe-cies over
hybrids, hybrids ten to be
less deer-resistant
P
Oregon Grape Holly Mahonia aquifolium P
Sweet Christmas Box Sarcococca hookerana P
CHOICE EVERGREEN TREES
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
American Holly Ilex opaca P
X Austrian Pine Pinus nigra P
Colorado Blue Spruce Picea pungens glauca P
Japanese False Cypress Chamaecyparis pisifera P
Juniper Juniperus chinensis P
Norway Spruce Picea abies P
Pines Pinus sp. P
Pitch Pine Pinus rigida P
Red Pine Pinus resinosa P
X Scots Pine Pinus sylvestris P
Spruce Picea sp. P
Swiss Stone Pine Pinus cemba P
White Spruce Picea glauca P
CHOICE DECIDUOUS SHRUBS
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
X Beautybush Kolkwitzia amabilis P
Bluebeard Caryopteris x clandonenisi P
Drooping Leucothoe Leucothoe fontanesiana P
European Privet Ligustrum vulgare P
X Forsythia Forsythia sp. P
X Lilac Syringa vulgaris P
Pawpaw Asimina Triloba P
X Potentilla Potentilla fruticosa P
Sweet Fern Comptonia peregrine P
X Wisteria Wisteria floribunda P
CHOICE DECIDUOUS TREES
Resistant Common Name Botanical Name Annual
Perennial
American Hophornbeam Ostrya virginiana P
Beech Fagus sp. P
Birch Betula sp. P
Bottlebrush Buckeye Aesculus parviflora P
Catalpa Catalpa sp. P
Chinese Paper Birch Betula albo-sinensis P
European White Birch Betula pendula P
Gray Birch Betula populifera P
Green Ash Fraxinus pennsylvanica P
Hawthorn Crataegus laevigata P
X Japanese Maple Acer palmatum P
X Kousa Dogwood Cornus kousa P
X Larch Larix decidua P
Locust Robinia pseudoacacia P
Mockernut Hickory Carya tomentosa P
Paper Birch Betula papyrifera P
Pignut Hickory Carya glabra P
Pin Oak Que rcus palustris P
Poplar Populus sp. (choose carefully,
as many ae invasive or
of poor quality
P
X Saucer Magnolia Magnolia soulangeana P
Shadbush Amelanchier canadensis P